Natural Plastics

News about the bioplastics industry

Infinite Enzymes announces first commercial plant-made enzyme product

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Recycling paper is just one of the many applications...Infinite Enzymes, LLC has announced that its premiere commercial product, IE-CBHI, the first single activity, plant-based cellulase enzyme, is now available for research and development projects. This successful milestone paves the way for other products in the research reagent market, as well as for high-volume applications in the future. IE-CBHI is available through Sigma-Aldrich Corporation's extensive product and services portfolio and can be ordered through the company's website at The product number is E6412.).



Enzymes are naturally occurring proteins which catalyze various chemical processes in sustainable manufacturing, such as processing recycled paper. The global industrial enzymes market is projected to reach $3.74 billion by 2015, not including many emerging applications in advanced biofuels and new biobased products. Applications for industrial enzymes include paper recycling, textiles, laundry detergents, and numerous food products.

The Infinite Enzymes’ technology produces enzymes in a lower value part of the corn kernel thereby creating a new sustainable market for corn processing by-products. The technology lowers the cost of sugar production needed for developing low-cost biobased plastics and advanced biofuels.



Recently, Infinite Enzymes received a $450,000 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II grant from the U.S. Department of Agriculture to advance its enzyme development technology. The SBIR grant funds further product development and crop improvements, thus positioning Infinite Enzymes to commercialize its first products and pursue investments from strategic partners.



About Infinite Enzymes

Infinite Enzymes is a plant biotechnology company with a novel genetic technology for producing low-cost, plant-based enzymes for converting cellulosic biomass into biofuels and other biobased products. The company is based in Jonesboro, Arkansas. Infinite Enzymes investors include Arkansas Science and Technology Authority (ASTA) of Little Rock, Arkansas and BioDimensions, Inc. of Memphis, Tennessee.


Pioneering research towards development of greener medical treatments

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clip_image002Cardia & University of Sydney partner and win Australian Research Council funding

Research into a cost-effective biomimetic* that has the potential to treat many bone diseases such as osteoporosis will be pioneered through a joint venture between Cardia Bioplastics and the University of Sydney.



The strategic partnership – made possible by funding from the Australian Research Council (ARC) –will allow Cardia to extend the application of its environmentally-friendly PPC-starch blended resin (used widely in plastics and packaging) into biomedical products and regenerative medicine, such as tissue scaffolds and drug delivery agents.



Mr Pat Volpe, Chairman of Cardia Bioplastics, said:

“We are delighted to be partnering with the University of Sydney and winning a grant that supports funding for the project by the ARC. This opportunity provides a unique facility and platform to develop cutting edge research for the Australian industry.

“This research will allow us to design and develop a world-first clean technology for the synthesis and purification of a biohybrid and biodegradable polymer.

“The development of this breakthrough clean technology will transform Cardia’s bioplastic starch blended products which are used in the plastics and packaging industry, into a multi-purpose and global “green friendly” product that can be used across many other applications and products.”



“The research will create the potential to develop a world-first internationally accredited compostable PPC polymer” said Mr Volpe.

The development of this technology aims to reduce the level of heavy metals, in particular zinc glutarate (ZnGA) used in the production of sustainable resin PPC polymers, to an acceptable level required to meet international compostability accreditation

“Importantly, this aims to manufacture purified polymer products with less petroleum and put CO2 to good use, rather than emitting it into the atmosphere or storing it underground.

“Converting carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide from pollution into valuable materials has the potential to transform the plastics and materials landscape on a global scale.”


The Company has commenced discussions with Petrochemical companies that are looking at ways of turning their CO2 emission into a positive business scenario. PPC resins use less virgin oil and have a lower carbon footprint and now Cardia has the potential to develop PPC resins with low impurities.


This PPC resin technology that uses CO2 emissions provides a business opportunity for a new generation of greener plastics for use into commercial products.


Cardia Bioplastics is making significant headway in establishing itself as a global leader in the development and manufacturer of sustainable resins derived from renewable resources. The Company has been at the forefront of development with its world’s first biodegradable carrier bag (2010) made from PPC and starch blended resins, developed in cooperation with CNOOC “China National Offshore Oil Corporation” from the PRC.


More recently, Cardia was granted exclusive contracts to supply the City District of Shanghai Pudong in China with its Biohybrid™ renewable kitchen waste bags in 2012 and supplied biodegradable packaging to the 2008 Beijing Olympic and Paralympic Games.

Cereplast Announces Commercialization of Cereplast Algae Bioplastics(TM)

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Cereplast, Inc. (OTCQB:CERP), a leading manufacturer of proprietary biobased, sustainable bioplastics, today announced the commercialization of Cereplast Algae Bioplastics™ with the introduction of Biopropylene® 109D.



Cereplast identified a post-industrial algae source that does not rely on the commercialization of biofuel production, allowing the company to commercialize Cereplast Algae Bioplastics sooner than anticipated. Additionally, the Cereplast Research and Development team has discovered a post-industrial process that significantly reduces the odor that is typically inherent to algae biomatter.



Biopropylene 109D is an injection molding grade manufactured with 20% post-industrial algae biomatter. The renewable resource content significantly reduces the carbon footprint of the final product while reducing the petroleum-based plastic content. The algae biomass used by Cereplast are byproducts from algae biofuels and nutritionals, resulting from industrial processing to extract specialty chemicals. Biopropylene 109D can be processed on existing conventional electric and hydraulic reciprocating screw injection molding machines, and is recommended for thin wall injection molding applications.



Chairman and CEO of Cereplast, Mr. Frederic Scheer, commented, "Since 2008 our team has developed and extensively tested algae-filled grades of bioplastics, and more recently has perfected this specific grade which is now ready for commercialization. We have several customers evaluating this technology and anticipate generating revenue from it during the first half of 2013. We strongly believe that our technology leads the algae bioplastic market and presents yet another revenue stream opportunity as we head into 2013."



Reverdia starts operations at the world’s first large-scale plant for bio-based succinic acid

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Company delivers on promise to come on-stream before year’s end, using unique and proprietary low-pH yeast technology to make Biosuccinium™ with best-in-class environmental footprint.


Reverdia, the joint venture between life sciences and materials sciences company DSM and Roquette Frères, a global producer of starch and starch-derivatives, has begun operations in Cassano Spinola, Italy, at a commercial-scale plant producing Biosuccinium™ sustainable succinic acid. The plant, which has a capacity of about 10,000 tonnes/yr, is unique in its kind, being the world’s first dedicated large-scale plant for the production of succinic acid from renewable resources. It is also the only commercial facility to benefit from experience gained using low-pH yeast technology on a demonstration plant scale; Reverdia regards this as essential to be able to promise further improvements in product quality.


Key applications for Biosuccinium™ include polybutylene succinate (PBS), polyester polyols for polyurethanes, coating and composite resins, phthalate-free plasticizers, and 1,4 butanediol. End products include footwear, packaging and paints.


“We feel honoured and proud to open this new era in the lives of Reverdia and Biosuccinium™,” says Will van den Tweel, Reverdia’s General Manager. “The new phase will enable direct and indirect customers to start production of commercial scale volumes of materials and end products based on bio-based succinic acid. These will be the first Biosuccinium™-based products to find operational use in industry and to show up on retail shelves.




Reverdia – powered by DSM + Roquette
Reverdia is dedicated to be the global leader in the market for sustainable succinic acid, focusing on market development by establishing partnerships with direct and indirect customers, building on customer needs and Reverdia strengths.

Combining the knowledge and experience of DSM and Roquette, Reverdia produces and sells Biosuccinium™, the Company’s registered brand of bio-based succinic acid. Biosuccinium™, which is produced using a unique and proprietary low pH yeast technology, enables customers to produce bio-based, high-quality performance materials while at the same time substantially improving their environmental footprint.

More information can be found at


Metabolix Enters into Agreement with Kenmare to Expand Business in Compostable Film Markets in Europe

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Metabolix, Inc. (NASDAQ: MBLX), an innovation-driven bioscience company focused on delivering sustainable solutions for plastics, chemicals and energy, today announced that it has entered into an agreement with Kenmare Srl., a packaging solutions supplier based in Milan, Italy and Lugano, Switzerland. Under the agreement, Kenmare will promote to its customers Metabolix's Mvera B5008, a certified-compostable film grade, starting in 2013.



"With growing concern about single-use bags and the emergence of plastic bag regulations requiring either reusable or certified compostable alternatives, it has become increasingly important for bag suppliers and retail stores to offer more sustainable product options," said Francesco Tognato, director, at Kenmare. "We have been pleased with Metabolix products and are honored to offer Mvera B5008 to our customer base as an excellent alternative raw material for compostable bag production. We look forward to expanding our business with Metabolix next year as they ramp up their production in Europe."



Mvera B5008 is designed for consumer compost bags, can liners for commercial compostable food waste, as well as shopping and retail bags that can be reused as consumer compost bags. It is certified by Vinçotte to meet the EN 13432 standard for compostable plastics, and exhibits many of the same performance qualities of the current non-compostable plastic bags— such as excellent puncture and tear resistance, good barrier properties, printability and compatibility with other compostable polymers.



"We're delighted to work with Kenmare to help build awareness and generate additional sales for Mvera B5008 among Kenmare's customers that are at the forefront in providing innovative compostable packaging solutions," said Dr. Stan Haftka, director of business development, Europe at Metabolix. "Kenmare has unparalleled expertise and reach in these regions, working with a number of leading organizations on their packaging needs. This expanded relationship reflects Metabolix's continued growth in European markets and will help us leverage existing Kenmare customer relationships and capabilities to broaden our presence in European markets."


VTT wins European innovation prize for a new bio-oil production technique

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VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland along with the energy company Fortum, engineering company Metso and forestry company UPM has developed a technique that enables the cogeneration of heating energy and bio-oil in the same power plant cost-effectively and sustainably. VTT’s technique is based on combining pyrolysis and fluidised bed technology. Thanks to the new technique, bio-oil production volumes can be expected to increase considerably in the next few decades. VTT received an innovation award for the new technology. The award was distributed in December by the European Association for Research and Technology Organisations EARTO.



”The innovation prize brings up the long-term work that VTT has done in developing renewable energy sources. EARTO wants to reward innovations that have significant societal and economic impact. The prize indicates that we have been successful in this work,” says Anne-Christine Ritschkoff, Executive Vice President, Strategic Research, VTT.



Bio-oil has for a long time been pegged as the successor of fossil fuels as our future source of energy. However, large-scale commercial use of bio-oil in heat generation requires a cost-effective production technique. The new technique patented by VTT enables a considerable cut in the production cost of bio-oil.



Fast pyrolysis involves heating biomass such as forest industry waste to a high temperature to form gas. When the gas is cooled, it condenses into liquid known as bio-oil. Combining the pyrolysis process with traditional fluidised bed boilers used in power plants brings a range of efficiency gains. Producing bio-oil with the new technique is cheaper than in a separate pyrolysis process. Bio-oil plants that are integrated into power plants are extremely energy-efficient, because the energy contained in the by-products of the pyrolysis process can be recovered in fluidised bed boilers. This is a significant improvement, because the by-products can contain as much as 40 per cent of the original biomass’s energy. In turn, lost heat from the power plant can be used in the bio-oil production process. Cogeneration offers higher efficiency than separate production, and the investment and operating costs of the plant are lower than in separate production.



The use of bio-oil has significant positive effects on the environment. By replacing fossil fuels with bio-oil in heat generation, carbon dioxide emissions can be cut by 70–90 per cent. Sulphur emissions are also considerably lower.



The technique is due to enter commercial production towards the end of 2013 when the energy company Fortum opens its new integrated bio-oil and heating plant in the city of Joensuu in Finland. The plant is designed to produce 50,000 tonnes of bio-oil per year. The volume is enough to cover the annual heating needs of 24,000 average-sized homes.

VTT is involved in European standardisation work to promote the commercialisation of the innovation. There are currently around 200 power plants in Europe and North America that could be converted to include a bio-oil plant. This would mean more than 10,000 new jobs in the forestry and logistics sectors, for example.



EARTO (European Association for Research and Technology Organisations) is a non-profit association that represents the interests of European research and technology organisations towards European institutions such as the European Commission. EARTO promotes the R&D business of its approximately 300 member organisations.



Altuglas International and NatureWorks launch worldwide marketing collaboration for New High Performance Alloys Incorporating Ingeo biopolymers

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Altuglas International, a subsidiary of Arkema group, with its Plexiglas® and Altuglas® acrylic resins (Americas and Rest of World, respectively) and NatureWorks, a leader in the bio-plastics market with its Ingeo™ biopolymers derived from plants, have signed a global co-marketing agreement. The agreement is designed to deliver a range of newly formulated bio-based, high performance alloys based on polymethylmethacrylate and Ingeo.



The new materials will be marketed by Altuglas International as Plexiglas®/Altuglas® Rnew biopolymer alloys. Primary co-marketing efforts for these materials will be for durable goods applications, where the Plexiglas®/Altuglas® brand is synonymous with high performance, durability and clarity.



The agreement grew out of the overwhelming response the two companies experienced during the National Plastics Exposition (NPE) last April, during which they jointly displayed examples of molded and thermoformed products made with their collaborative technologies for the durable goods market.



This unique range of resins affords customizable formulating latitude providing exceptional impact- and chemical-resistance properties. In addition, the resins offer a significantly reduced carbon footprint due to the Ingeo biopolymer content. These biopolymer alloys also feature lower processing temperatures and greater melt flow properties without compromising the optics, scratch resistance, color acceptance or surface aesthetics for which the Plexiglas® and Altuglas® brands are known.



The collaboration offers a compelling combination of properties designed to open new doors in the market, including significant opportunities for durable applications such as signage, lighting, consumer products, transportation, cosmetic packaging and large and small appliances.



"What makes this agreement so exciting is that two renowned, pioneering organizations are joining forces to combine some of the best in technology and market knowledge to foster new, high performing, yet sustainable, bio-based products," said Christophe Villain, Altuglas International president. "The agreement between these two leading companies will provide transparent, sustainable materials that meet durable application performance requirements. Altuglas International will compound and sell the Rnew portfolio, incorporating Ingeo, directly into the market."



Marc Verbruggen, NatureWorks president and chief executive officer said, “By combining our respective reputations and strengths in biopolymers and acrylics, NatureWorks and Altuglas International will co-market clear materials that offer a complete package of innovative product performance. This is exactly what Ingeo was designed to offer.”

Through the collaboration, Altuglas International and NatureWorks will pool resources to accelerate the introduction of these new high performance biopolymer alloys into the market.



Cardia Bioplastics secures an exclusive annual supply contract into Shanghai, China

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$1.2 million per annum contract to supply Cardia’s Biohybrid™ renewable kitchen waste bags to Shanghai Pudong City District • Contract represents 20% of Pudong’s households with potential to expand rollout • Opens up significant opportunity to secure additional City Councils in China • Continues momentum of growth and expansion of Cardia’s product base .


Cardia Bioplastics Limited has announced an exclusive annual supply contract with the Shanghai Pudong City District in China. The agreement is to supply an estimated $1.2 million per annum of Cardia’s Biohybrid™ renewable kitchen waste bags to approximately 20% of householders in this region. Cardia's renewable Biohybrid™ kitchen bags are made with Cardia's proprietary Biohybrid™ technology that uses less oil and a lower carbon footprint compared to conventional plastics. This contract win follows the successful six-month trial of Cardia’s products in this region earlier this year. Pudong is one of four City Councils in China that has conducted waste management trials using Cardia products. The other three Councils in trial phase are Nanjing, Hangzhou and Yuhang and Cardia is looking to expand into other provinces of China.



Penetrating into this crucial market opens up significant opportunities for Cardia to grow and expand its global distribution of organic waste management products. Shanghai Pudong is one of China’s highest profile development areas and represents a key financial and commercial hub for the entire country.



There has been a strong focus towards environmental initiatives in the city of Shanghai in recent years. Following the World Expo in 2010, Shanghai implemented an organic waste separation process which targets waste separation at source. In particular, separating plant material and food scraps at the household level, which form a large part of the domestic waste stream in China. Earlier this year, as part of the six-month trial period, Cardia successfully supplied its Biohybrid™ kitchen bags to approximately 5% of Pudong’s households. This supply will now be expanded to 20% of Pudong’s households.

This is a critical step towards efficient management of domestic waste. More importantly, Shanghai Pudong City District has selected Cardia Bioplastics to supply Biohybrid™ renewable kitchen waste bags to households, which are tailored specifically for collection of food waste.



Dr Frank Glatz, Managing Director of Cardia Bioplastics said:

“This marks another important milestone for Cardia. The success of winning this contract is a result of our superior product technology and effective supply capability through our manufacturing plant in Nanjing, China. Through our successful pilot programs, which are already in place in other key districts in China (Nanjing, Hangzhou and Yuhang) we are confident in our corporate strategy of securing additional long term contracts in China.

Importantly, this contract follows the recent announcements of $500,000 per annum sales contracts to both an American hygiene products company and a global consumer products company.  These three contracts combined equate to over $2.2 million of secured revenues contributing to the current financial year. This is significant for the Company and equates to over one half of last financial year’s total reported revenues.



Mr. Jackie Chen, Cardia Director and Head of China Operations said:

“We are delighted with this outcome and we will continue to develop and maintain strong Government relationships to work with China City Councils towards managing household waste sustainability and reducing their environmental footprint.”

In addition, Cardia has a certified compostable offering for its organic waste management business, where trials are underway in Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia, Canada, USA, Brazil and the UK.



About Shanghai Pudong

The city district of Shanghai Pudong is one of China’s high profile development areas and has a population of five million people (2010). Pudong has been developed as a New Open Economic Development Zone since 1990 and has emerged as China's financial and commercial hub. Pudong is home to the Lujiazui Finance and Trade Zone, the Shanghai Stock Exchange, and a skyline that includes the Oriental Pearl Tower, the Jin Mao Building, the Shanghai World Financial Center and the Shanghai Tower (under construction), reflective of Shanghai and China's rapid economic development.


Netherlands aims for bioplastics domination

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The Dutch government is investing in creating a bio-based economy and hopes to be known as 'the land of green chemistry' by 2050. A variety of industry leaders met in the Dutch town of Wageningen earlier this year to discuss innovations in bioplastics.



Bioplastics leaders from across Europe gathered in Wageningen for a symposium organised by the Biobased Performance Materials (BPM) programme, where government and industry outlined plans to make the Netherlands one of the largest bio-based economies in the world.

In the opening speech, chairman Jan Noordegraaf from Synbra outlined the Dutch government's plans for sustainable development, which involve biomass production, the implementation of biomass import chains, and production of green chemicals and materials.

By 2050, the Netherlands wants to be one of the top three producers of smart materials in the world, he said.



"The Netherlands are on the threshold of a new golden age," said Noordegraaf, adding that the country has the ideal conditions to build a bio-based economy. The Netherlands has excellent knowledge bases in its universities and chemical companies, as well as various R&D programmes, including BPM itself and BE-Basic, he said. BE-Basic is an international public-private partnership, funded by the Dutch Government.



The Netherlands has ample farming land and is a major grower of sugar beat which, according to Noordegraaf, is "almost unbeatable" in terms of bioplastic feedstock.

The industry will also benefit from a variety of funding he added.



By 2015, €445m will be available for joint research. Industry has already pledged to contribute more than €100m, with 30% coming from SMEs.

The BPM itself, which kicked off in March 2010, will also contribute a large amount of funding to help the Netherlands become a top producer of bio materials. BPM has €4m from industry in its investment fund, as well as another €4m from the ministry of economic affairs.



Karin Weustink from the ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture and Innovation, said during her speech at the conference that the Dutch government also wants to push this initiative forward by reducing bureaucracy.

"We will make finance easier, for example by replacing subsidies with credit agreements and getting direct foreign investments," she said. "It is also important to support SMEs so there will be loan guarantees, for example."



At the symposium several industry leaders highlighted different bio material projects  that are taking place in the country.

For example, Royal Cosun, a consortium of Dutch sugar beet growers, announced plans to commercialise a composite based on carrot waste.



Curran, a cellulose material extracted from carrot waste and developed by Scottish science company Cellucomp, can be combined with a variety of resins to create biocomposite materials.



"Although we are still doing research into the material's properties, advantages we have seen so far include stiffness, strength, toughness and light weight," said Royal Cosun spokesperson Bart van Ingen. At the conference Van Ingen showed two successful applications; a fishing rod and a longboard.



Another speaker, Ed de Jong, spoke about Avantium's work in PEF materials, which it makes using YXY technology, a catalytic chemical process that converts carbohydrates into bio-based polymers, including an alternative to terephthalic acid.



According to de Jong, the YXY technology creates a material that delievers superior functional properties to conventional PET in terms of lightweighting potential and barrier and thermal properties. Avantium quotes a study done by the Copernicus Institute at Utrecht University, which shows that PEF has a 50-60% lower carbon footprint than oil-based PET.



Just prior to the conference Avantium signed an agreement to use its technology to produce its PEF bottles for Danone.



Other innovations discussed at the event included Forbo Flooring, which is looking at expanding the use of biobased materials in its linoleum product range, and Audi, which talked about the Scirocco Bioconcept. The car uses as many sustainable processes and materials as possible, including flax-fibre composites in the doors.


NatureFlex™ Compostable Packaging Film Used for Wrapping Chocolate

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The compostable packaging film from Innovia Films, known as NatureFlexTM, has been chosen by the Alce Nero Italian consortium of organic farmers and producers in order to wrap a range of Fair Trade chocolate.



The Alce Nero consortium is a section of Alce Nero Mielizia SpA and has a collective membership of individuals which share an interest in produce innovation, regionally and environmentalism. Founded in 1978, the organisation has organically farmed right from its beginnings.



Currently, Alce Nero is responsible for representing members which specialise in farming, beekeeping and Fair Trade production. Organic food from around the globe is represented by the company, not just Italian produce.



Compostable Chocolate Packaging

Nicoletta Maffini, the companies Marketing Manager, has stated that "we decided to move from standard plastic to a biodegradable and compostable alternative to wrap our chocolate bars". She explained that the metallised NatureFlexTM was ideal for their purposes as it had environmentally friendly attributes as well as reliable barrier properties which are important to ensure the chocolate remains in excellent condition.

The chocolate bars themselves are manufactured using cocoa plants which have been grown within the heart of Central America and are owned by a network of small Fair Trade producers known as COOP Sin Fronteras. Once ready, the cocoa pods are expertly harvested for the beans to be roasted and are then passed to Chocolate Stella of Chocolate Bernrain Group, a Swiss maison chocolatier, which creates the final, delicious product.

By choosing NatureFlexTM compostable packaging, the chocolate will be packaged in a film which is certified to American ASTM D6400, European EN13432 as well as Australian AS4736 standards.



The NatureFlexTM compostable packaging film has also provided Alce Nero with certain benefits which include inherent deadfold and anti-static properties along with a resistance to grease and oil, a high gloss finish and barrier capabilities against gas, aromas and mineral oils.



Beginning life as a natural product, namely wood, NatureFlexTM was an obvious solution for the the organic producers, especially knowing that the pack will compost within weeks at the end of its life-cycle.



Giorgio Berton, Innovia Films TS&D Specialist, expressed that "our metallised NatureFlexTM film is used to good effect here by Alce Nero as it fits in with their brand image, protects the product and is compostable."



Plastic Packaging Industry Is Moving Towards Completely Bio-Based Products

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VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a technique to significantly improve the quality of bio-based plastic packaging. The new generation of bio-based plastic packaging is not only eco-friendly but also has several superior qualities compared to traditional plastic packaging. The plastic packaging industry is moving towards completely bio-based products. The volume of oil used every year in the production of plastics equates to approximately five per cent of the world's total oil consumption. Approximately 40 per cent of all plastics are used in packaging, which puts special pressure on the packaging industry to reduce dependence on oil.


The use of renewable natural resources in industrial applications reduces dependence on oil and the carbon footprint attributable to consumption. A transition to bio-based economy nevertheless requires products that are not only ecologically sustainable but also competitive in terms of quality.



VTT has developed a technique that enables the production of the PGA monomer glycolic acid from bio-based materials more efficiently than before.

"Bio-based plastics are a tangible step closer to a bio-based economy. This new generation of plastic packaging not only reduces our dependence on oil but also offers superior quality compared to traditional plastic packaging," explains Research Professor Ali Harlin from VTT.



Bio-based PGA plastic has excellent barrier properties. Adding PGA into the structure of traditional plastic packaging significantly improves its quality. In addition to strength and heat resistance, plastic packaging also needs to be airtight, vapour-proof and grease-resistant. Bio-based PGA plastic is between 20 and 30 per cent stronger than PLA -- the most popular biodegradable plastic on the market -- and able to withstand temperatures 20 degrees Celsius higher. It also breaks down more quickly than PLA, but its biodegradability can be regulated if necessary.



Growing market

Bio-based plastic opens up new business opportunities for the forest industry: The estimated total volume of the global packaging market is approximately EUR 500 billion. The Chinese and Indian markets, for example, are growing rapidly. Ethical consumption principles and legislative changes are steering the packaging industry towards sustainable development. At the moment, bio-based plastic accounts for approximately one per cent of global plastic production.



The volume of oil used every year in the production of plastics equates to approximately five per cent of the world's total oil consumption. Approximately 40 per cent of all plastics are used in packaging, which puts special pressure on the packaging industry to reduce dependence on oil. According to lifecycle analyses, carbon dioxide emissions from bio-based plastics can be as much as 70 per cent lower than from oil-based plastics.



Piedmont Chemical Launches 100 Percent Renewable Polyester Polyols

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Piedmont Chemical (Piedmont) announced today a new offering of renewable, sustainable polyester polyols – building-block chemical intermediates used in the production of urethane foams, coatings, adhesives and sealants. Piedmont combines Susterra® propanediol from DuPont Tate & Lyle Bio Products (DTL) with Bio-Succinic Acid from Myriant Corporation (Myriant) to produce high-purity, 100 percent bio-based polyols that are functionally equal and cost-competitive with petroleum-derived polyols without requiring green-price premiums. The novel polyol formulations, which are made from renewable resources, ultimately enable the production of eco-friendly, sustainable products. The technical specification and polyol samples will be available by year-end for urethane producers looking to utilize "green polyols" for their end-market applications.



The novel polyol formulations combining DTL's Susterra® and Myriant's Bio-Succinic will specifically address the growing global demand for renewable urethanes in industrial applications. According to a 2012 report by Global Industry Analysts, Inc, entitled, "Polyols: A Global Strategic Business Report," the world market for polyols is forecast to reach 4.33 billion pounds by 2017. Renewable polyols, made from various sustainable resources, are witnessing increasing demand as product manufacturers respond to consumers seeking to reduce their carbon footprint, conserve natural resources and live more sustainably. Industrial applications, including paints and coatings, adhesives and sealants, and microcellular elastomers, represent the single largest end-use sector for polyols.



DTL commercially produces Susterra® in Loudon, Tenn., with a capacity of 140 million lbs. per year. The plant has been operational since November 2006. Myriant will begin commercial production of Bio-Succinic Acid in first quarter 2013 in Lake Providence, La., with a capacity of 30 million lbs. per year.

Under a strategic collaboration between Piedmont, DTL and Myriant, the three companies have agreed to an "open innovation" concept by which the polyol formulations will be made available to polyol producers and the urethane industry at large. This means that polyol customers will be able to purchase polyols produced from DTL's Susterra® propanediol and Myriant's Bio-Succinic Acid from Piedmont as well as from other polyol producers. Piedmont will manufacture the initial polyol product samples and will offer commercial supply of the polyol products to the market.



"We have worked with Myriant's and DTL's products for some time now. In deciding on suppliers and collaboration partners it was critical for us to be certain that these renewable chemical building blocks would be available at commercial quantities with the right specification. In the last year, we have become confident that both Myriant and DTL meet these requirements," said Emil Delgado, chief operating officer for Piedmont.

"DTL and Myriant enjoy shared objectives of bringing renewable chemicals to market that offer high performance and cost competitiveness compared to their petroleum-based chemical counterparts," said Steve Hurff, vice president of Marketing and Sales from DTL. "We're looking forward to Piedmont's success in meeting the needs of urethanes producers who are seeking renewable chemical building blocks."



"This is Myriant's second collaboration with DTL and we're proud to team with them again on this opportunity to expand the tool box of renewable building blocks available to polyol producers," said Alif Saleh, vice president, Sales and Marketing for Myriant Corporation. "Myriant is committed to becoming a reliable supplier of Bio Succinic Acid to the polyol producers. By providing open access to the formulations and technical specifications, polyol producers are encouraged to integrate our renewable chemicals for the production of green, cost-competitive polyols."



Myriant utilizes its proprietary technology platform to develop innovative, performance-based, renewable chemicals utilizing low-cost sugars. In December 2010, Myriant broke ground on its flagship 30 million pound commercial bio-succinic acid facility in Lake Providence, La., and anticipates beginning commercial production in early 2013. The company's D(-) lactic acid started production at commercial scale in June 2008 for use in polylactic acid. Myriant has agreements with ThyssenKrupp Uhde GmbH for engineering, Davy Process Technology for the integration of Myriant's bio-succinic acid process with the Davy butanediol process for the production of bio-based butanediol, and PTT Chemical for the commercialization of Myriant's technology in Southeast Asia. Myriant is headquartered in Quincy, Massachusetts. Details are available at



Piedmont Chemical Industries I, LLC is a subsidiary of Piedmont Chemical Industries Inc., a privately owned chemical manufacturer headquartered in High Point, N.C. Founded in 1938 to support the local textile industry, the corporation has since evolved into 5 different production sites in North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee with additional satellite facilities in the Caribbean, Central America and Asia. For more information, visit



DuPont Tate & Lyle Bio Products is a joint venture between DuPont, a global science company, and Tate & Lyle, a world-leading renewable food and industrial ingredients company. DuPont Tate & Lyle Bio Products provides natural and renewably sourced ingredients that do not compromise product performance. For more information on the company's products, visit



Susterra® and the circle logo are registered trademarks of DuPont Tate & Lyle Bio Products Company LLC. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners